On Wed, Feb 7, 2018 at 6:21 PM, Laszlo Ersek <lersek(a)redhat.com> wrote:
On 02/07/18 17:44, Stefan Berger wrote:
On 02/07/2018 10:50 AM, Laszlo Ersek wrote:
> OK, but if the OS is allowed to modify this set of "queued operations",
> then what protection is expected of SMM? Whether you can modify the TPM
> directly, or queue random commands for it at libery, what's the
On the OS level it is presumably an operation that is reserved to the
admin to queue the operation.
I am not that familiar with UEFI and who is allowed to run code there
and what code it can execute. But UEFI seems to lock the variable that
holds that PPI code that tells it what to do after next reboot. So
presumably a UEFI module cannot modify that variable but can only read
it (and hopefully not manipulate NVRAM directly). If PPI was implemented
through a memory location where the code gets written to it could do
that likely easily (unless memory protections are setup by UEFI, which I
don't know), cause a reset and have UEFI execute on that code.
This makes sense... but then it doesn't make sense :)
Assume that the variable is indeed "locked" (so that random UEFI drivers
/ apps cannot rewrite it using the UEFI variable service). Then,
- if the lock is enforced in SMM, then the variable will be locked from
the OS as well, not just from 3rd party UEFI apps, so no PPI
operations can ever be queued,
- if the lock is "simulated" in ACPI or in non-SMM firmare code (= in
the "runtime DXE driver" layer), then the lock can be circumvented by
both 3rd party UEFI apps and the OS.
Regarding security of PPI pending operations, the spec clearly says
"The location for tracking the pending PPI
operation, including the tracking of necessary PLATFORM RESET
operations, does not need to be a secure or trusted location." (9.9
I assume this is because the user has to confirm the pending operation
in pre-os console, so if some attacker wanted to clear the TPM, the
user would have to confirm it (same for other operation of flags
manipulation). That may not be the best security design, but at least,
the user could be in control.
I had not read that - at least not recently.
There are operations that eliminate the future prompt (operation 18) but
these require at least a one-time interaction. Though the flag that causes
the prompt needs to be protected so that some software cannot just modify it
and cause a clear without user interaction. In UEFI this is solved (hope)
with the locking of the variable. In a BIOS one could store it in a TPM
NVRAM location that has access restrictions that can only be fulfilled by