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From: Zihan Yang <whois.zihan.yang(a)gmail.com>
Date: 2018年8月28日周二 上午4:12
Subject: Re: [SeaBIOS] [RFC v2 0/3] Support multiple pci domains in pci_device
To: Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel(a)redhat.com>
Cc: <qemu-devel(a)nongnu.org>rg>, Marcel Apfelbaum <marcel.apfelbaum(a)gmail.com>
Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel(a)redhat.com> 于2018年8月27日周一 上午7:04写道：
However, QEMU only binds port 0xcf8 and 0xcfc to
bus pcie.0. To avoid bus confliction, we should use other port pairs for
busses under new domains.
I would skip support for IO based configuration and use only MMCONFIG
for extra root buses.
The question remains: how do we assign MMCONFIG space for
each PCI domain.
Allocation-wise it would be easiest to place them above 4G. Right after
memory, or after etc/reserved-memory-end (if that fw_cfg file is
present), where the 64bit pci bars would have been placed. Move the pci
bars up in address space to make room.
Only problem is that seabios wouldn't be able to access mmconfig then.
Placing them below 4G would work at least for a few pci domains. q35
mmconfig bar is placed at 0xb0000000 -> 0xbfffffff, basically for
historical reasons. Old qemu versions had 2.75G low memory on q35 (up
to 0xafffffff), and I think old machine types still have that for live
migration compatibility reasons. Modern qemu uses 2G only, to make
gigabyte alignment work.
32bit pci bars are placed above 0xc0000000. The address space from 2G
to 2.75G (0x8000000 -> 0xafffffff) is unused on new machine types.
Enough room for three additional mmconfig bars (full size), so four
pci domains total if you add the q35 one.
Maybe we can support 4 domains first before we come up
with a better solution. But I'm not sure if four domains are
enough for those who want too many devices?