On Wed, 19 Jan 2022 15:48:20 +0000 Peter Maydell firstname.lastname@example.org wrote:
On Wed, 19 Jan 2022 at 14:44, Godmar Back email@example.com wrote:
after upgrading to 6.2.0, I observed that code such as MIT's xv6 (see ) is no longer able to detect multiple CPUs. Their code works in 6.1.1, however.
Hi; this isn't a great place for reporting QEMU bugs, because it's more of a user-to-user discussion list. Not all QEMU developers read it. I've cc'd the ACPI maintainers, who hopefully may have an idea about what's happening here. You could also file a bug at https://gitlab.com/qemu-project/qemu/-/issues
I built 6.1.1 from source and 6.2.0 from source and I have also tested with CentOS stream's 6.1.1 qemu-kvm and was able to pinpoint this change to these 2 versions of qemu. I am using qemu-system-i386 specifically.
I tried to go through the ChangeLog to see if the `-smp` option was deprecated or changed. I found this note  about invalid topologies having been removed in 5.2. Here's what I found after long experimentation:
The legacy MP tables appear to work only if you specify the longform `-smp cpus=4,cores=1,threads=1,sockets=4` in 6.2.0. If you specify `-smp 4` or `-smp cpus=4` it will not work in 6.2.0 (it worked in 6.1.1). I am guessing that perhaps the MP tables add entries for each socket, but that perhaps the behavior of the shortcuts `-smp n` and `-smp cpus=n` was changed to influence the number of cores rather than sockets.
In other words, `-smp cpus=n` now means `-smp cpus=n,cores=n,threads=1,sockets=1` whereas in 6.1.1 and before it meant `-smp cpus=n,cores=1,threads=1,sockets=n`. I note that specifying `-smp cpus=4,cores=4,threads=1,sockets=1` in 6.1.1 also does not create 4 entries in the legacy MP tables.
Thanks for reporting issue in such a detailed way.
QEMU doesn't generate legacy MP tables and as reported the above issue is still present in earlier versions when cores are used. Well seabios has a comment: /* Only populate the MPS tables with the first logical CPU in each package */ So I'd guess it has never worked for anything but sockets. With QEMU starting to prefer cores over sockets by default I'd suggest to either * explicitly provide desired topology (i.e. sockets) * use older machine type which still preffers sockets by default (ex: up to 6.1 machine types)
If anybody cares about legacy tables + cores/threads usecase, I suggest to investigate what can be done on SeaBIOS side which generates MP tables (assuming if anything could be done at all). CCing SeaBIOS mail-list.
Can someone confirm/deny this? If so, it's a breaking change that perhaps could be mentioned in the Changelog to save others the time when they upgrade. Affected educational OS include MIT's xv6 and Stanford's pintos OS.
Legacy MP table is not actively maintained part of the code, hence it's configuration which is not tested. However if someone is interested in maintaining this, one should contribute at least a testcase that will warn developers early if usecase is broken. We can't promise not breaking it ever but at least we would be able to document any breaking changes in release notes.
Thanks for all the work you do on qemu!
(I'm typing this email in gmail using the plaintext setting, hopefully it'll preserve line breaks.)
thanks -- PMM