[coreboot] Burn 2MB coreboot.rom on 8MB flash chip

Jose Trujillo ce.autom at protonmail.com
Mon Oct 1 13:08:20 CEST 2018


There are 2 ways to build coreboot: (choose one)....
1.- Including IFD, TXE, GBE etc.... inside coreboot CBFS.
2.- Using the original firmware(FW) with IFD, TXE, GBE already in flash and just rewrite coreboot on top of the BIOS block.

Your original computer Firmware = Intel FW + "BIOS"

BIOS=AMI-Phoenix etc...

IFD=Intel Firmware Descriptor Table.
ME=Management Engine (For "Core" kind of processors).
TXE=Trusted Execution Engine (For "Atom" kind of processors).
GBE=Network card firmware.

Zvika said:
"After creating coreboot.rom should I always use the original BIOS with ifdtool to convert rom to bin ?"
No, there are other methods and tools that can do the merge.... (ifdtool and Intel's FIT are working fine for me)

After the creation of the coreboot build you have 2 ways of doing the flashing for your case: (with fpt).
1.- Flash the full 8MB (Intel FW+coreboot) if the SPI flash is blank or have unknown firmware.
     Use IFDTool in this case to inject coreboot to Intel FW..... then flash it with fpt .
2.- Flash only the BIOS block (5MB your specific case) in this case ask someone else how to do it with fpt....

I hope this answered your questions.

‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ Original Message ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐
On Saturday, September 29, 2018 12:24 AM, Zvi Vered <veredz72 at gmail.com> wrote:

> Hi Jose,
> You wrote:
> "My recommended approach is using the original Intel FW with already included the FD, TXE".
> What is "original intel FW" ?
> What is FD, TXE ?
> After creating coreboot.rom should I always use the original BIOS with ifdtool to convert rom to bin ?
> Thank you,
> Zvika
> On Wed, Sep 26, 2018 at 7:27 PM Jose Trujillo <ce.autom at protonmail.com> wrote:
>> You are right Nico,
>> I just forgot the troubles this caused me.
>> I am sorry Vika... My mistake.
>> I can confirm with Nico:
>> ROM chip size = 8MB (your case)
>> CBFS_SIZE = 2 to 5MB (your specific case)
>> My recommended approach is using the original Intel FW with already included the FD, TXE.
>> I never tested adding regions to coreboot but you can try.
>> To have better chances of success you should be dumping hardware settings booting with your original "BIOS" (look for the attached file).
>> Check if the system is "Memory down"or/and ECC because it will be needed to edit FSP (if using it).
>> Dump memory settings with the following commands:
>> sudo dnf install i2c-tools-perl
>> sudo modprobe eeprom
>> decode-dimms
>> If you have not done this already there is still a long way to go.
>> Don't get intimidated, just do it, if you have questions just ask.... I will try to help
>> Good luck,
>> Jose.
>> ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ Original Message ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐
>> On Wednesday, September 26, 2018 6:28 PM, Nico Huber <nico.h at gmx.de> wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> On 9/26/18 9:19 AM, Jose Trujillo via coreboot wrote:
>>> > No, don't change it, you change the size of coreboot only if during the
>>> > building process "make" complain that there is not enough space but in
>>> > your case your build was already successful leave it like that.
>>> this advice seems very weird to me. I'm not experienced with Bay Trail.
>>> But unless there is a bug in the Bay Trail code, you should always set
>>> the correct ROM_SIZE (to the full flash chip size). Otherwise you may
>>> introduce bugs in code that relies on this setting (e.g. saving the
>>> MRC cache might fail and so would S3 resume).
>>> CBFS_SIZE however is the setting to adjust according to your needs. It
>>> should be at most the size of the BIOS region.
>>> > In the rare circumstance that more space is required you can increase
>>> > coreboot size to 4MB and istill will fit into your system 5MB of space
>>> > available.
>>> > "ifdtool" will inject coreboot in the top of the BYT_orig.bin and save
>>> > as BYT_orig.bin.new that you can flash to your system.
>>> I assume this doesn't work oob if you set ROM_SIZE correctly. But it is
>>> unnecessary to craft a single file by hand. You can either only flash
>>> the BIOS region (recommended) or add the other regions in coreboot's
>>> config (HAVE_{IFD,ME,GBE}_BIN).
>>> Nico
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