[coreboot] More details about ram issues

Charlotte Plusplus pluspluscharlotte at gmail.com
Mon Nov 14 20:40:00 CET 2016

Ooops, my mistake. You are right, I did not understand the difference
between IO voltage and VDD voltage.

I should have been more careful, I was wrong, sorry :-(

In case anyone is interested in making the hardware support 1.35V (which I
won't do), here is the specsheet for the voltage regulator. It has equation
6 explaining how to chose R2 to get the wanted voltage.


Supporting 1.35V should just be a matter of swapping R2, which can still be
hard with SMD. Maybe when the motherboards are cheap enough?

On Sat, Nov 12, 2016 at 6:46 PM, Nico Huber <nico.h at gmx.de> wrote:

> On 12.11.2016 05:00, Charlotte Plusplus wrote:
> > Hello
> >
> > On Fri, Nov 11, 2016 at 5:37 PM, Nico Huber <nico.h at gmx.de> wrote:
> >
> >>> The W520 does only have 1.5V DDR voltage. If it's stable with vendor
> >>> bios, it's not a DDR voltage problem at all.
> >>
> >
> > Based on my reading of the block diagram and crossing that with a cpu
> > pinout and the cpu specs, I disagree.  The W520 indeed only support 1.5V,
> > if you mean 1.5V vs 1.3 "low voltage" DDR3L.
> >
> > But SA_DIMM_VREFDQ is in direct control of the DDR3 voltage: "The step
> size
> > is 7.7 mV". So it supports 1.5V +- k*0.007V, with k being given by the
> > profile.
> >
> > In case this is not clear, on
> > http://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/
> documents/datasheets/3rd-gen-core-family-mobile-vol-1-datasheet.pdf
> > :
> > Page 30 : "The processor memory controller has the capability of
> generating
> > the DDR3 Reference  Voltage (VREF) internally for both read (RDVREF) and
> > write (VREFDQ) operations. The generated VREF can be changed in small
> > steps, and an optimum VREF value is  determined for both during a cold
> boot
> > through advanced DDR3 training procedures in  order to provide the best
> > voltage and signal margins."
> >
> > That seems to be a lot of evidence in the voltage not being an absolutely
> > fixed 1.500V. It is something more flexible!!!
> You're confusing the memory's operating voltage (what XMP and DDR3 vs.
> DDR3L is about) with i/o voltages. VrefCA is the reference for Command/
> Address lines and VrefDQ is the reference for Data lines from what I
> understand.
> For the operating voltage have a look at page 86 in the Kendo-3 schema-
> tics. The TPS51916 provides the voltage VCC1R5A which is VDD for the
> DIMMs. You can see from its datasheet that it's controlled by REFIN
> which is generated by dividing VTTREF (1.8V) by the resistors R1056
> (10K) and R843 (48K7). If those resistors were configurable in any
> way, you could control the operating voltage. But they are just plain
> resistors.
> So even if the processor had dedicated pins to control the voltage, they
> are not used in this machine.
> Nico
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