[SeaBIOS] [PATCH] ld: fix .text section address alignment

Roger Pau Monné roger.pau at citrix.com
Tue Feb 23 16:06:20 CET 2016

El 23/2/16 a les 15:53, Kevin O'Connor ha escrit:
> On Mon, Feb 22, 2016 at 12:07:00PM +0100, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
>> El 20/2/16 a les 3:41, Kevin O'Connor ha escrit:
>>> On Tue, Feb 16, 2016 at 06:21:10PM +0100, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
>>>> El 16/2/16 a les 17:33, Kevin O'Connor ha escrit:
>>>>> On Tue, Feb 16, 2016 at 01:56:26PM +0100, Roger Pau Monne wrote:
>>>>>> According to the output from readelf, the .text section should be aligned to
>>>>>> 16:
>>>>>> Section Headers:
>>>>>>   [Nr] Name              Type            Addr     Off    Size   ES Flg Lk Inf Al
>>>>>>   [ 0] (null)            NULL            00000000 000000 000000 00      0   0  0
>>>>>>   [ 1] .text             PROGBITS        000de300 000300 021d00 00  AX  0   0 16
>>>>>> [...]
>>>>>> This however doesn't seem to be enforced when the relocations are generated.
>>>>>> The following patch tries to address this by making sure the space used for
>>>>>> the relocations it also aligned to the same value as the .text section.
>>>>> Thanks.  What goes wrong if the .text section is not aligned?  The
>>>>> code has already been assigned physical addresses by this point, so it
>>>>> should not impact the runtime code.
>>>> It seems like ELF toolchain objcopy chokes if a section address is not
>>>> aligned to the alignment specified by the section, see:
>>>> https://bugs.freebsd.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=207170
>>>> The snippet shown above has addr aligned to 16 (which matches latest
>>>> upstream), so it's not a problem, but the current SeaBIOS version
>>>> shipped in Xen 4.5 (1.7.5 IIRC) ends up with an addr that's not a
>>>> multiple of 16, as shown in the bug report, and objcopy complains with:
>>>> objcopy: elf_update() failed: Layout constraint violation
>>> Thanks.  I agree it should be fixed.  However, I think there are a few
>>> other cases that could cause the ".text" section alignment to be off.
>>> Are you okay with the patch below instead?
>> Yes, looks fine to me. AFAICT SeaBIOS packs all the sections (.text,
>> .data, .rodata) ibnside of the .text section, which I didn't realize before.
> Thanks, I committed the change.

Thanks, I would also like to request this fix to be backported to stable
branches. Should I send a formal request, or is this email enough?

Ideally I would like to see it applied to 1.9, 1.8 and 1.7.5.


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