[flashrom] Help: unable to upgrade bios

Raghuramchary Jallipalli Raghuramchary.Jallipalli at lntinfotech.com
Mon Jan 9 12:20:42 CET 2012

Thanks David.
As you said, the reason for not programming is due to wrong op.atomic configuration. Is there any way to set these properly?
Yes jumper selects the ROM at a time.

Thanks for the help,

From: David Hendricks [mailto:dhendrix at google.com]
Sent: Saturday, January 07, 2012 4:42 AM
To: Raghuramchary Jallipalli
Cc: flashrom at flashrom.org; V Balaji; Vishnuvardhan Reddy
Subject: Re: [flashrom] Help: unable to upgrade bios

On Fri, Jan 6, 2012 at 5:12 AM, Raghuramchary Jallipalli <Raghuramchary.Jallipalli at lntinfotech.com<mailto:Raghuramchary.Jallipalli at lntinfotech.com>> wrote:
The force option enable worked and we were able to program the AT25DF321A flash. But the contents are wrong and the board was not able to come up. Please see attached for the verbose output for both read and write.

There is a high likelihood that either the Management Engine (ME) or embedded controller (EC) is interfering with Flashrom operation.

One concern is that flashrom does not appear to set the op.atomic field properly:
0x94: 0x0606     (PREOP)
0x96: 0x0be4     (OPTYPE)
0x98: 0x02030105 (OPMENU)
0x9C: 0xff9f3c20 (OPMENU+4)
0xA0: 0x00000000 (BBAR)
0xD0: 0x00000000 (FPB)
Reading OPCODES... done
preop0=0x06, preop1=0x06
op[0]=0x05, 0, 0
op[1]=0x01, 1, 0
op[2]=0x03, 2, 0
op[3]=0x02, 3, 0
op[4]=0x20, 3, 0
op[5]=0x3c, 2, 0
op[6]=0x9f, 0, 0
op[7]=0xff, 0, 0

The third column shows that none of the opcodes are configured as atomic cycles. Thus, Flashrom does not know to set the SPIC_ACS bit (http://flashrom.org/trac/flashrom/browser/trunk/ichspi.c#L782) when processing these opcodes.

If the "atomic" field is not set properly, then it is possible for ME or EC to interfere with flashrom in between write enable (WREN) opcodes such as block erase and program page.

On Fri, Jan 6, 2012 at 5:12 AM, Raghuramchary Jallipalli <Raghuramchary.Jallipalli at lntinfotech.com<mailto:Raghuramchary.Jallipalli at lntinfotech.com>> wrote:
For your info, the board has two flashes(each 4MB) and the bios resides on the second(we have a jumper option to select the flash device). We are confused whether the flashrom selects the correct flash device and program it.

Are both ROMs logically present? Or will the jumper only enable one ROM at a given time?

If there are multiple ROMs present, then Flashrom use the "Hardware Sequencing" method of flashing when it detects the "Number of Components" (NC) > 0 in the flash descriptor region: http://flashrom.org/trac/flashrom/browser/trunk/ichspi.c#L1742

See FLMAP0 in the Intel documentation for more details, and ensure the NC field is programmed appropriately for your mainboard configuration.

David Hendricks (dhendrix)
Systems Software Engineer, Google Inc.

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