[flashrom] [PATCH] Fix erase-blocks specification for the Atmel AT49F002(N)(T)

Carl-Daniel Hailfinger c-d.hailfinger.devel.2006 at gmx.net
Sat Jan 23 19:53:44 CET 2010

On 23.01.2010 18:59, Uwe Hermann wrote:
> See patch.
> According to my datasheet these erase-blocks are incorrect. I tested an
> AT49F002(N)T chip and "./flashrom -E" did indeed fail:
> ERASE FAILED at 0x0003c000! Expected 0xff, Read=0x44, failed byte count
> from 0x0003c000-0x0003ffff: 0x3fc0
> The failing location is always 0x3fc0

0x3fc0 is the failed byte count, not an address.

>  if the chip contains a certain
> image of random bytes. If I program another image the failing place is
> reproducibly always 0x3ef4. 

Same for 0x3ef4.

> So it likely differs per image that is
> programmed on the chip before the erase is done.
> However, a read after an -E operation results in an image will all-0xff
> nonetheless. Interestingly, doing -E a second time will also report SUCCESS.

Yes, that's expected. Verbose mode will tell you that flashrom does a
fallback to whole-chip erase after the sector erase fails.

> My attached patch also reports the same error, still.
> As 0x3c000-0x03ffff is the 16KB boot block, the write-protection
> mechanism for that boot block seems to interfere. AFAIK we don't
> yet implement that mechanism (I might post a patch later).
> Anyway, the attached patch is more correct than svn anyway (unless I
> read the datasheet wrong), so we should apply it nevertheless IMHO.

>From my datasheet:
 SA = sector addresses:
 For the AT49F002(N):
 SA = 00000 to 03FFF for BOOT BLOCK
 Nothing will happen and the device goes back to the read mode in 100 ns
 SA = 04000 to 05FFF for PARAMETER BLOCK 1
 SA = 06000 to 07FFF for PARAMETER BLOCK 2
 This command will erase - PB1, PB2 and MMB1

That looks like a 16k, 8k, 8k, 96k, 128k layout (starting at lowest
Can you tell us where you saw 64k eraseblocks in the datasheet? I looked
at http://www.atmel.com/dyn/resources/prod_documents/DOC1017.PDF and
didn't see any 64k eraseblocks in there.

Then again, this chip is crazy anyway. It seems that if you erase the
Main Memory Array Block 1 it affects the Parameter Blocks as well. If
that is true, we have a big problem because the address of the erase
command does not correspond with the erased block anymore and we should
tar and feather the hw designer. Put differently, if you do a
block-by-block erase/write, a later erase (MMB1) will kill earlier
writes (PB1/PB2).

> Oh, one question -- is the order of erase-blocks as specified in
> flashchips.c relevant? AT49F002(N) and AT49F002(N)T have different
> orders right now.

Yes, the eraseblocks are listed as starting from the lowest address. A
top boot block device will therefore start with big eraseblocks (bottom
of flash) and end with small eraseblocks (top of flash).


Developer quote of the year:
"We are juggling too many chainsaws and flaming arrows and tigers."

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