On Thu, Apr 09, 2015 at 10:59:11AM +0200, Jon Doe wrote:
On Thu, Apr 9, 2015 at 4:32 AM, Kevin O'Connor
On Wed, Apr 08, 2015 at 08:48:11PM +0200, Peter
Kevin O'Connor wrote:
(Specifically, the "leal" instruction
is not properly implemented.)
Unfortunately, there isn't much that can be done about this on the vga
Really? Impossible to save flags, use other opcodes, and restore flags?
lea isn't used in vgasrc/ besides in the trap that triggers the fault.
In src/romlayout.S lea is used in two places to bump esp before calls.
If those code paths are used also by SeaVGABIOS then maybe they could
be rewritten with simpler instructions?
The problem is not with leal in hand written assembler - the problem
is with leal instructions generated by gcc. To see the assembler gcc
produces for the vgabios one can look at out/vgaccode16.raw.s . Or,
alternatively, one can run:
objdump -m i386 -M i8086 -M suffix -ldr out/vgarom.o
We've fixed up gcc assembler in the past (see scripts/vgafixup.py) to
work around x86emu. However, the leal instruction seems painful to
patch out - particularly so when %esp is one of the registers read or
written in the leal instruction. If anyone wants to take a stab
at a workaround, feel free to submit a patch.
Might be instructive to look at how vmware and virtualbox BIOSes is
able to work around this problem. Surely their BIOS code is written in
My understanding is that traditional proprietary BIOS and VGABIOS are
written in assembler.
There are 16bit C compilers that (almost assuredly) wont generate
32bit instructions such as leal - for example, openwatcom and bcc.
However, using them results in other problems.
Fixing this in x86emu is probably the right thing to
do (just checked,
PCBSD 10.1's x86emu is still broken), but this won't help if you're
stuck with an old release.
It's also possible to use the older "lgpl vgabios" -
- it is written in assembler and C code
(that is compiled with bcc).